The Promise of Solutions from Increasing Diversity in Ways of Knowing: Educational Lessons from Meteorology, Ethnobotany, and Systems Ecology
Author: Amy Freitag
Volume 5, Number 1 (2014)
The number of terms used for historically unrepresented types of knowledge in environmental management is large and growing. The emphasis on these “new” perspectives reflects a shift in how society values different ways of knowing. A primary reason behind this recognition of value is that fresh perspectives off er new problem framings, approaches to solutions, and linkages to other issues. Successes in collaborating across multiple knowledge domains have yielded new medicines, culturally appropriate regulations, and a better understanding of ecological dynamics, among others. These examples show the search for creative solutions cuts across disciplines, each of which has its own priorities, values, ethical practices, and approaches to knowledge creation. This review demonstrates how systems of ecology, ethnobotany, and meteorology increase problem solving by legitimizing different ways of knowing. Pioneers in valuing nonscientific ways of knowing, they set the path forward for methods and theory used to inform research questions.
Tags: complex problem solvingcreativityways of knowing
AMY FREITAG is an independent scholar who works on the human dimensions of ocean conservation. She is interested in how participatory science might help bridge science and conservation action and has worked with citizen science groups in California and small-scale fishermen in North Carolina to explore different models of participatory science. Find out about these research projects and her teaching and outreach at www.amyfreitag.org.